Food Supplements Europe (FSE) commissioned IPSOS to survey 13,200 adult consumers in 14 EU countries about their supplement usage.

New research shows that a large majority of consumers in the European Union use food supplements responsibly – laying to rest the myth that many people do not understand how to take them safely.
Food Supplements Europe (FSE) commissioned IPSOS to survey 13,200 adult consumers in 14 EU countries about their supplement usage. The findings demonstrate widespread penetration, 88% percent of respondents used food supplements at some point in their lives, and 93% of this group have done so in the past 12 months.

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Top five most popular food supplements in the EU

The survey also reveals a high level of interaction with and understanding of product labels. As many as 85% of those who had ever taken supplements strongly agreed or tended to agree that they follow the instructions for use provided on-pack by the manufacturer. Nearly the same number (82%) said they always or usually look at the label to ascertain the recommended dose and frequency of use.

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Top reasons to take food supplements

More than two-thirds of respondents (69%) said they agreed that the ingredient information provided on labels is easy to understand. Nearly three-quarters (72%) said they were confident in food supplements’ safety and quality, with only 6% disagreeing with this statement.

FSE Chair Martina Simova said: “The findings of the survey demonstrate that most people are careful to follow directions of use when taking food supplements. Concerns are sometimes expressed that supplements might easily be misused by consumers, either wilfully or inadvertently. But this research, conducted by IPSOS, shows that these concerns are unwarranted, and that in fact consumers are predominantly responsible supplement users.”

The survey found that the most commonly consumed food supplement was vitamin D, taken by 46% of respondents during the previous 12-month period. It was followed by vitamin C (36%), magnesium (33%), a multi-vitamin/mineral supplement (29%), and Omega 3/fish oil (19%).

More than half of respondents (52%) who had used supplements in the past year said they had done so to maintain their overall health, while 45% said they had done so to maintain their immune system. The next most commonly cited reasons for using supplements were for energy (29%), for skin, hair and nail health (17%), for gut or digestive health (17%), and for heart health or blood pressure (14%).

Approaching two thirds of respondents who had ever taken food supplements had bought such products at a pharmacy (3%), while a quarter had bought them at a supermarket, grocery store, convenience store or departmental store. The next most common places of purchase were health food stores or herbal shops (15%), specialised food supplement and /or vitamin websites (15%), and brand website (10%) respectively.

About the Food Supplements Survey

​Between 17 March and 1 April 2022, IPSOS conducted online interviews with 13,200 adults with purchasing power, aged 18 or over, in 14 EU member states: Belgium, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

About Food Supplements Europe

​Based in Brussels, Food Supplements Europe is a not-for-profit trade organisation representing the interests of the European food supplements sector. Its membership includes national associations and companies who are committed to ensuring that future EU legislation and policy reflect the important role that the supplements sector plays in improving the health of consumers. You can find more information about Food Supplements Europe at

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